They are constantly discovering new pieces on their travels. They have already distinguished themselves with the series Chor aktuell which includes many of their own frequently-sung arrangements. His main interest is in contemporary choral music. Stefan Kalmer: music teacher, violinist, choral director, workshop organiser. Director of international choral and orchestral courses, director of courses for choral and orchestral conducting.
In order to assist choirs with the interpretation of these international pieces, the content of each text is clearly described in German and English in the appendix to the edition. Essential help regarding the pronunciation of these many foreign languages is also available. Native speakers have recited each text and this is available on CD as well as on download at www. Format: Vocal score. Classification: Choral.
Nicholas to come and to put a present under their pillows provided that the children were good during the year. Children who behaved badly may expect to find a twig or a piece of coal under their pillows. In the Netherlands, Dutch children put out a clog filled with hay and a carrot for Saint Nicholas' horse.
On Saint Nicholas Day, gifts are tagged with personal humorous rhymes written by the sender. Veni, redemptor gentium, text and Gregorian notation "Veni redemptor gentium" Come, Redeemer of the nations is a Latin Advent or Christmas hymn by Ambrose of Milan in iambic dimeter. In the mid-nineteen. The melody that is now associated with the text appeared first in in the hymnal by Johann Anastasius Freylinghausen. It is also part of the Catholic hymnal Gotteslob GL , among others. As one of the best-known and most popular Advent songs, it was translated, into English by Catherine Winkworth in as "Lift up your heads, ye mighty gates", also to Swedish and Norwegian, among others.
Canon triplex a 6: first printed in below , it appears on both versions of the portrait Haussmann made of Bach , — above. In the 19th-century Bach Gesellschaft edition the canon was published in Volume , p. The edition of that catalogue BWV2a mentions Haussmann's paintings as original sources for the work p. Johann Sebastian Bach composed cantatas, motets, masses, Magnificats, Passions, oratorios, four-part chorales, songs and arias.
His instrumental music includes concertos, suites, sonatas, fugues, and other works for organ, harpsichord, lute, violin, cello, flute, chamber ensemble and orchestra. There are over known compositions by Bach. A Basque folk carol, originally based on Angelus Ad Virginem, a 13th or 14th Century Latin carol, it was collected by Charles Bordes and then paraphrased into English by Sabine Baring-Gould, who had spent a winter as a boy in the Basque country. The tune is called "Gabriel's Message".
Stir-up Sunday is an informal term in Anglican churches for the last Sunday before the season of Advent. It gets its name from the beginning of the collect for the day in the Book of Common Prayer, which begins with the words, "Stir up, we beseech thee, O Lord, the wills of thy faithful people".
But it has become associated with the custom of making the Christmas puddings on that day. Most recipes for Christmas pudding require it to be cooked well in advance of Christmas and then reheated on Christmas Day, so the collect of the day served as a useful reminder. Family activity Traditionally, families gather together in the kitchen of their homes to mix and steam Christmas pudding on Stir-up Sunday. They are also used as the Alleluia verses on the same days in the post form of the Catholic Mass. They are referred to as the "O Antiphons" because the title of each one begins with the vocative particle "O".
Some Anglican churches e. In the Church of Sweden, a Lutheran former national Church, the Liturgical colour is specifically white: the motivation is that the day is a joyful feast the colour is changed to blue, the traditional colour for Advent in Scandinavia, or—if the church does not possess blue vestments—violet, after 6 p. Zechariah —10 and Matthew —9 are always read in the service, and the symbolism of the day is that Christ enters the church. It is most commonly translated in English as "Lo, how a rose e'er blooming", and is sometimes known as "A Spotless Rose".
The rose in the text is a symbolic reference to the Virgin Mary, and the hymn makes reference to the Old Testament prophecies of Isaiah which in Christian interpretation foretell the Incarnation of Christ, and to the Tree of Jesse, a traditional symbol of the lineage of Jesus. Because of its prophetic theme, the song is popular during the Christian season of Advent. It first appeared in print in and has since been published with a varying number of verses and in several different translations.
It is most commonly sung to a melody which was harmonized by the German composer Michael Praetorius in It can fall on any date from 11 December to 17 December. Gaudete The incipit for the Gregorian chant introit from which Gaudete Sunday gets its name The day takes its common name from the Latin word Gaudete "Rejoice" , the first word of the introit of this day's mass: Gaudete in Domino semper: iterum dico, gaudete. Modestia vestra nota sit omnibus hominibus: Dominus enim prope est. Benedixisti Domine terram tuam: avertisti captivitatem Jacob.
This may be translated as: "Rejoice in the Lord always; again I say, rejoice. Let your forbearance be known to all, for the Lord is near at hand; have no anxiety about anything, but in all things, by prayer and su. Moravian stars in the Striezelmarkt in Dresden A Moravian star half assembled A completed Moravian star hanging by a church A Moravian star German: Herrnhuter Stern is an illuminated Advent, Christmas, or Epiphany decoration popular in Germany and in places in America and Europe where there are Moravian congregations.
The stars take their English name from the Moravian Church, originating in Moravia. In Germany, they are known as Herrnhut stars, named after the Moravian Mother Community in Saxony, Germany, where they were first commercially produced. History The first Moravian star is known to have originated in the s at the Moravian Boys' School in Niesky, Germany, most probably as a geometry lesson or project.
The first mention is of a point star for the 50th anniversary of the Paedagogium classical school for boys in Niesky. Around , Peter Verbeek, an alumnus of the school, began making the stars and their instructions available for sale through his bookstore.
IX beginning "Da puer plectrum," which includes the Latin stanzas listed below. Divinum mysterium was a "Sanctus trope" - an ancient plainchant melody which over the years had been musically embellished. Most commonly sung at Advent, the hymn derives its theological content from the Book of Revelation relating imagery of the Day of Judgment. Considered one of the "Great Four Anglican Hymns" in the 19th century, it is most commonly sung to the tune Helmsley, first published in Text The content of the text and particularly the title are derived from Revelation chapter 1, verse 7, which tells of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.
oldest German Christmas carol, fragmentally preserved in the Gospel of Kaiser Otto III, Lyrics (), Ludwig Erk and Franz Magnus Böhme give two Dutch versions of the lyrics and the following three German versions.
The text was written by Charles Wesley. It is performed to one of several tunes, including "Stuttgart" attr. It is hymn number 66 in the Episcopal Church hymnal set to "Stuttgart" ; hymn number in the United Methodist Hymnal to "Hyfrydol" ; hymns 1 to "Stuttgart" and 2 to "Hyfrydol" in the Presbyterian Hymnal; and hymn in Evangelical Lutheran Worship, among others.
He also looked at the class divide in Great Britain. Probably Franciscan in origin, it was brought to Britain by French friars in the 13th century. It is said to have originally consisted of 27 stanzas, with each following stanza beginning with the consecutive letter of the alphabet. Surviving manuscripts may be found in a c. Its lyrics also appear in the works of John Audelay perhaps a priest, he definitely spent the last years of his life at Haughmond Abbey, where he wrote for the monks , in a group of four Marian poems. It appears in Geoffrey Chaucer's Miller's Tale, where the scholar Nicholas sings it in Latin to the accompaniment of his psaltery: And over all there lay a psaltery Where.
When he was thirteen, he was sent to study in Schneeberg, where he was taught music, including thoroughbass, by cantor Christian Umlaufft, a former student of Johann Kuhnau. His cantata is part of his first cantata cycle there and was written for the Marian feast of the Visitation on 2 July, which commemorates Mary's visit to Elizabeth as narrated in the Gospel of Luke in the prescribed reading for the feast day.
Bach based the music on his earlier cantata BWV a, written originally in Weimar in for Advent. He expanded the Advent cantata in six movements to ten movements in two parts in the new work. While the text of the Advent cantata was written by the Weimar court poet Salomo Franck, the librettist of the adapted version who added several recitatives is anonymous. Bach began the cantata with a chorus for the full orchestra, followed by alternating recitatives and arias with often obbligato instrument.
He scored it for four vocal soloists, a four-part cho. Altbachisches Archiv, also Alt-Bachische Archiv ABA, old-Bachian archive , is a collection of 17th-century vocal music, most of which was written by members of the Bach family. History Johann Ambrosius Bach, Johann Sebastian's father, supposedly started to collect compositions by his relatives. Johann Sebastian Bach's obituary starts with an overview of the composers whose works are contained in the Altbachisches Archiv.
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Johann Sebastian's son and co-author of his obituary, retained the collection and gave it its name. In that set was published as the Altbachisches Archiv, edited by Max Schneider, an edition which was reprinted in It is also known as "The Advent Prose" or by the first words of its English translation, "Drop down ye heavens from above. Throughout Advent it occurs daily as the versicle and response after the hymn at Vespers. Engravings from Vopelius' Leipziger Gesangbuch, which was largely based on his earlier Neu Leipziger Gesangbuch He was born in Herwigsdorf, now a district of Rosenbach, Oberlausitz, and died in Leipzig at the age of Herrn D.
It is part of his chorale cantata cycle.
History and words Bach wrote the cantata in , his second year as Thomaskantor in Leipzig, for the First Sunday of Advent. The cantata is based on Martin Luther's Advent hymn in eight stanzas "Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland", the number one hymn to begin the Liturgical year in all Lutheran hymnals. Adventstid, or Adventstid kom till mitt ensamma hus, is a Swedish language  Advent song, with lyrics and music by Carl Bertil Agnestig.
The song has often been performed in Kindergarten and at school in Sweden during Advent. Svenskt visarkiv. Retrieved 9 October Svensk mediedatabas. Retrieved 18 May Neale is the well-known Advent hymn Creator of the Stars of Night. History The hymn was rewritten by Pope Urban VIII in , changing it so extensively that only the second line of the original hymn remained unchanged.
The revision, which begins Creator alme siderum, in effect makes it a different composition. Neale made a translation of the hymn which appeared as "Creator of the Stars of Night" in. It was printed in the Erfurt Enchiridion of The song was the prominent hymn for the first Sunday of Advent for centuries. It was used widely in organ settings by Protestant Baroque composers, most notably Johann Sebastian Bach, who also composed two church cantatas beginning with the hymn. English versions include "Savior of the nations, come" by William Morton Reynolds, published in History Martin Luther wrote the text of "Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland" possibly for the Advent of as a paraphrase of a passage, Veni redemptor gentium, from the Latin Christmas hymn "Intende qui reges Israel" by Ambrose.
He composed it originally in Weimar in for Advent, BWV a, and expanded it in Leipzig in for the seventh Sunday after Trinity, where he first performed it on 11 July History and words Weimar The prescribed readings for the Third Sunday of Advent were from the First Epistle to the Corinthians, the ministry of faithful apostles 1 Corinthians —5 , and from the Gospel of Matthew, John the Baptist in prison Matthew — His lyrics contained movements 1, 3, 5, 8, 10 of the later work and a different closing chorale of Ludwig Helmbold.
Bach composed the music, BWV a, in in Weimar, where he first performed it on 13 December The common melody by Michael Praetorius appeared later in He placed it in a section for Advent, titled Vermanung zur Busse auff Weihenachten… der Margaret Gammen frawen witwen auf seinen thon, which indicates that he understood Advent as a time of repentance in preparation of Christmas, and that he wrote it as an occasional song f.
As concertmaster, he assumed the principal responsibility for composing new works, specifically cantatas for the Schlosskirche palace church , on a monthly schedule. The cantata text was provided by the court poet Salomon Fr. It is typically used in a household rather than a church setting: each day in December the candle is burnt down a little more, to the mark for the day, to show the passing of the days leading up to Christmas. Some households will make a Christmas decoration out of sprigs of evergreen and Christmas ornaments, with the candle at its centre; others will simply put it in a candlestick.